If you're looking for Kiko goats for sale, we've got you covered! On this page you'll find a complete list of Kiko goat breeders in the USA.
And make sure to check out our guide on raising Kiko goats!
If you're looking for Kiko goats for sale, we've got you covered! On this page you'll find a complete list of Kiko goat breeders in the USA.
And make sure to check out our guide on raising Kiko goats!
In this complete guide to goat illnesses and symptoms, we describe illnesses that are common to goats, along with their symptoms. If you’re a new farmer, you should be aware of these problems so you can be prepared!
It is a nutritional and metabolic disease that mainly affects the ruminants, including goats. This disease is more common in the areas where there are intensive management conditions and goats fed on more concentrated feed to make the goat overgrow.
Goat polio has signs of blindness, seizure, recumbency, and coma. The animals suffering from symptoms of the acute form of polio will isolate them from the entire herd, and they will stop consuming any feed with twitching ears and face. There will be an erection of the head in the goats.
The goats will be unable to control their movement. As the disease progresses, the animal will stop responding to the light, will start press the head against a hard object, and begins to grind the teeth.
The ideal treatment for polio in goats is the administration of thiamine at the dose of 10mg/kg thrice a day. Administration of steroids, like dexamethasone, at the dose rate of 1-2mg/kg, in muscles or under the skin, will help to reduce the fluid accumulation in the brain. If the recovery is not as expected, then better to continue the treatment for more than three days.
The causative bacteria are “Clostridium perfringens”. The disease usually occurs due to two types of C. perfringens, i.e. type C and Type D. Enterotoxemia is mainly caused by type D.
The signs include the onset of the diarrhoea, off feed, lethargic goats. There may some signs of abdominal pain as the animal will start kicking the belly and may lay down repeatedly.
In severe cases, there will be blood with the diarrhoea. The goats will have a drunken appearance and depressed. The goats will have low body temperature, pull their heads backwards, may have convulsion and eventually die.
The initial treatment for enterotoxemia includes the administration of type C and D anti-toxin under the skin of the goat. Application of Milk of Magnesia will aid to remove the toxic feed from the body of the goat.
Ringer lactate administration under the skin or providing electrolytes orally will keep the goats hydrated. The active charcoal will bind the toxins, pain killer injections will reduce the pain, and antibiotic will help the recovery of the goats.
A contagious viral disease that spread from female goat to the kid during nursing the kids with colostrums or milk. However, the spread within other goats is possible through secretions and feces of infected goats. The common signs include the stiffness of the muscle, lameness, swollen joints, in-coordination, blindness, depression, and death of the goats.
There is no particular treatment for this disease; however, supportive treatment may help the goats to survive.
The supportive treatment includes administration of antibiotics, pain killer, and fluid therapy.
It is a disease that results from overcrowding, dirty, and wet pens and unclean water. It is a highly contagious disease, and it spread through a herd quickly. The goats with appear normal physically but may suffer from the reduction of feed intake, growth performance, and feed conversation.
For the goats exhibiting the clinical signs, there are several medicines available including sulfa drugs, amprolium, and tetracyclines.
Amprolium can be used as both the treatment and preventative measures for coccidiosis. It is available in powder and liquid form.
The bloat is also known as rumen tympany. In bloat, the left side of the goat becomes extended due to gases. The signs include restlessness, depression, salivation, distension of stomach, kicking abdomen, respiratory distress, collapse, and death.
The survival of the goats depends on the immediate base treatment. It is better to stop the goats from eating more feed to prevent bloat. Administration of peanut or vegetable oil will help to relieve the bloat.
This disease is bacterial disease and is high contagious disease of goats. The causative agent of this disease causes the formation of abscess both internally and externally on the body of the goats.
The bacterium of this disease doesn’t respond to most of the antibiotics. Therefore, surgical draining of the abscess is the only treatment for external abscesses formed by the bacteria. However, this can contaminate the environment.
The copper deficiency lead to the fish tail, faded hair coat, and lose of hair from the face in goats. The color of goats changes, i.e. from black it turns rusty, the red color of goats become gold, cream color goat will turn into white, and gold color of goats will turn into cream color.
If the copper deficiency remained untreated then there will be feritily issues in the goats.
A buck will become unable to conceive the female goats. The female goats will not able to come in heat or may get silent heat. If the female goat conceive and gets pregnant, she may abort within a few days.
The goats with copper deficiency will become anemic, and more prone to the internal parasites and will eventually die.
The best treatment of copper deficiency is to evaluate the level of copper of the goat. After evaluation, provide copper in the form of copper glycinate or copper sulfate orally to the goats. Or the best easy way is to provide substances that contain copper and allow goats a free-choice consumption of the copper through those substances. However, make sure that the goats don’t consume more copper as it may lead to the toxicity.
The causative agent of tetanus is bacteria clostridium tetani that release toxin within the body of the animal. These toxins released within the goat’s body will lead to the painful contraction of the muscles, specifically of neck and jaw muscles.
Hind legs will extend backwards, severe salivation, the goat will not be able to stand, stiffness of the neck occurs, the head moved to one side, constipation, ear and tail rigidity, seizures, and goat will not be able to open the mouth (lockjaw). The goat will die within or less than 36 hours after the getting down.
Immediate administration of the tetanus antitoxin before locating or cleaning the wounded site is necessary. After injecting antitoxin, clean the wound by using hydrogen peroxide to remove any dirt, hair and other debris around the wound. Inject a broad-spectrum antibiotic like penicillin, for five days at the dose rate of 5 cc/ 100 pounds to stop the release of toxin within the body.
The causative reasons for pneumonia are both infectious and non-infectious. These agents cause the inflammation of the lungs. The infectious causes include bacteria like Pasteurella species (P. multocida, P. haemolytic), Chlamydia species, Haemophilus species, and Mycoplasma species.
These broad-spectrum antibiotics will have effective results against pneumonia as compared to the narrow-spectrum antibiotics like procaine penicillin. Administration of non-inflammatory or pain killer drugs is necessary. Access to excessive water and feed is essential. Severely affected animals should be euthanized without any delay. Usage of anthelmintics will help to remove lungworms.
It is a syndrome in which the newborn kid of the goat appears healthy at birth, but unable to stand or nurse or even wrap the tongue around the nipples of the female goat. There is no dehydration or appear of diarrhoea in the kid.
The common signs include depression, paralysis, unsteady gait, kids will not able to keep the head up, fever, and respiratory distress.
The treatment includes the addition of baking soda or other electrolytes will help to neutralize the kid’s stomach conditions. The milk of magnesia or mineral oil will help to push the half-digested milk out of the kid’s body. A pain killer will aid in calming the pain of the gut.
Tube feeding is essential for kids suffering from floppy kid syndrome. Add a teaspoon of baking soda with eight ounces of electrolytes and adequately mix it to make a solution. The stomach tube will help to administer 30-60 ml of this solution into the kid’s stomach. Repeat the disease after a couple of hours. However, avoid bloating the kid by over-feeding the solution.
Mastitis is the inflammation or the swelling of the udder or the mammary glands. Mastitis causes a physical and chemical reaction in the milk produced by the goats. Mastitis is more common in the goats kept for dairy or meat purposes and raised in the semi-intensive or intensive feeding system.
The signs of clinical mastitis include the sudden onset of high fever, i.e. above 105o F with an increased pulse rate.
The female goat will become depressed, and there will be loss of appetite in the goats. The mammary glands of the goats become hard, reddish, and swollen. The udder will be hot and sensitive when touched.
The treatment should be based on the results of the milk culture. The treatment of mastitis includes:
It is a metabolic disease that appears at the end of gestation or start of the lactation. The main cause is the metabolism of the body fat to maintain the level of the glucose during high energy requirement time. Multiple fetuses or the obesity of the goat enhances the goat’s demand of glucose. If the diet is not sufficient enough to provide the energy to the goats, then goats will metabolize the body fat which leads to ketosis.
The common signs include depress, loss of appetite, and reduction in the milk production. The breath of goats will have a sweet smell that indicates the presence of higher level of ketones within the body. The goat may grind the teeth too.
Drench the goats orally with propylene glycol at the dose rate of 60ml twice a day for three consecutive days. Addition of calcium, potassium, insulin will increase the chances of survival of the goats.
Some oral electrolytes products are available in the market than can be given through the stomach tube. This solution of electrolytes may cause abortion however, it is better to safe the female goat. Administration of steroids will also induce parturition.
Copper toxicity occurs due to high consumption of copper through feed, salts, pesticides, copper substances and poultry litter. The copper toxicity mostly occurs during the stress conditions. The copper poisoning clinical signs include pain the abdomen, off feed, diarrhea, dehydration, depression, and shock in goats.
Occurrence of blood may take place after three days of high copper consumption. The goats will become weak, lethargic; remain in laying position, paler mucus membranes, anemic, jaundice, and death.
Methylene blue is the antidote for copper toxicity and should be given at the dose rate of 4-10mg/kg body weight through intravenous route. Usually, the effect of methylene blue is very rapid and positive results can be visible within 10-15 minutes after the administration of methylene blue.
Injections of sodium thiosulfate application also produces positive results when administer orally. The dose of sodium thiosulfate is 1000mg per goat and for three weeks. D- penicillamine is handy copper excretor via urine. Administration of ammonium tetraiomolybdate will decrease the absorption of the copper and enhances its excretion. Supportive therapy is vital to increases the chances of goat survival and it includes the blood transfusion and fluid therapy.
Improper feeding, sulfur toxicity, high consumption of grains, in-digest anything that affects the microbes of the rumen lead to the deficiency of thiamine. The signs include the softening of the grey matter of the brain, rigidity of the muscles, weaving, diarrhea, tremors of the muscles, head pressing, star grazing, blindness, circling, convulsion, and death.
Administer the thiamine to treat the goats as it is the only treatment for thiamine deficiency within the goats. However, avoid injecting vitamin B complex as it contains insufficient amount of thiamine.
Moniezia is the most common tapeworm that affects the goats and other ruminants. Goats serve as the intermediate host for the tapeworms. The clinical signs of tapeworms in goats include diarrhea, pot belly, the goats will become thin, loss of weight, and death of the goats.
De-worming of the goats with praziquantel which is the drug of choice against tapeworms and have good result against tapeworms. Other broad spectrum anthelminthics are not much effective against tapeworms. However, special care is necessary to avoid the development of anthelmintic resistance in the tapeworms by re-usage of the de-wormers.
It is one of most contagious disease of the goats. A bacterial disease that causes loss of interest in the feed, loss of weight, depression, diarrhea, and death in goats. The goat doesn’t show any signs until the disease reaches to last stages. This disease quickly spread from one goat to the other through fecal oral route.
Unfortunately, there is no treatment for this disease; however, treatment is done according to the signs and symptoms. Preventive measures are necessary to avoid the entrance of this disease to the herd.
It is a bacterial disease and mostly occurs during the cold season. The bacterium is present in the soil, litter of plants, water, digestive tracts, and silage. The disease occurs due to a rapid change in the diet, consuming contaminated silage, stress, or a quick weather change.
The animals will exhibit the signs of stress, depression, loss of appetite, higher temperature, leaning, pulling head to the flank, paralysis, rigid neck, drooling of saliva, and slack jaw. The pregnant female may abort with the presence of this disease.
The efficient treatment for listeriosis is by administering a higher dose of penicillin along with some pain killers to reduce the temperature, and supportive therapy as the goats will stop eating with this disease.
In this complete guide to goat vaccines, we describe popular vaccines that you’ll end up using on your herd for common health conditions.
CL vaccine is the abbreviation of ‘Caseous Lymphadenitis’. This disease is contagious, which means it spread from one animal to the other. This bacterial infection affects sheep and goats.
To overcome this disease, a vaccine came into being which will have in protecting animals from this disease. Young goats usually have weak immune systems, and they are not much functional because for an animal it takes at least one year to have a fully functional immune system, that is why CL abscesses are more often observed in young goats.
Due to this, blood tests show incorrect results in goats under the age of 8 to 10 months. But Cl disease is easy to handle, and you also not required to lose your goat. By properly giving proper vaccine, CL disease can vanish quickly.
CDT vaccine is basically for clostridial diseases. These are fatal disease and strike ruminant livestock and cause strange deaths without showing any symptoms. This disease is spread all around the environment. Mostly they are found in soil and manure and animals it is present in tissues and digestive tract of animals.
CDT vaccines are to overcome clostridium perfringens type C+D and tetanus diseases. It is also known as ‘CD&T’ and ‘CDT’ vaccine. This vaccine should be in the account of every person who is raising goats. For this vaccine, the label directions should be followed very closely and carefully.
The time required for does within which it should be vaccinated of 30 days before giving birth so that the kids can be protected through first milk. Whereas kids should get the vaccination at 5 to 6 weeks of age and after three to four weeks later booster will be given.
Rabies, a viral disease, commonly found in animals and human get infected by rabies when an infected animal bites them. After getting affected by rabies, there might not be any symptoms appeared in the beginning, but it always attacks the central nervous system.
Currently, no rabies vaccine labelled for goats is available, but some recommend to use the label vaccination for sheep in the goats to provide protection especially in the area where the disease is very much present. Therefore, the best prevention is to avoid the exposure of the goats to the predisposing factors of rabies.
CDT vaccine is basically for clostridial diseases. These are fatal disease and strike ruminant livestock and cause strange deaths without showing any symptoms. This disease is spread all around the environment. Mostly they are found in soil and manure and animals it is present in tissues and in the digestive tract of animals.
Enterotoxaemia vaccines are commonly available vaccine and play an essential role in controlling diseases. So, to prevent this disease in lambs and nursing kids, it is required to vaccinate ewes and does, four weeks before giving the birth. This will result in such a way that kids will have a passive but temporary immune system which will protect them from overeating disease.
The time required for does within which it should be vaccinated of 30 days before giving birth so that the kids can be protected through first milk. Whereas kids should be vaccinated at 5 to 6 weeks of age and after three to four weeks later booster will be given.
Tetanus is a type of clostridial disease, and it is also fatal. The bacterium caused tetanus disease is known as ‘Clostridium tetani’ and it is the subtype of clostridium perfringens. The common symptoms are bloat, muscle stiffness and spasms, panic, the problem in walking and inability to eat and drink. It mostly causes sudden deaths, usually with a gap of three to four days after the development of the symptoms.
Tetanus vaccine usually comes in multivalent products, i.e. a product containing immunisation against different diseases. It should be given as injecting two shots with a gap of four weeks, and then a booster every year. If the kids get the colostrums from the vaccinated female goat, then give the booster to the kid at the age of six weeks to two months. Otherwise, inject the booster at the age of one month and give three shots at an interval of four weeks each.
Pasteurella multocida vaccines are used to overcome the disease in animals. This bacterium does have several subtypes that are identified and up till now, there 16 different LPS serotypes are found.
These vaccines are generally used to control outbreaks; however, the vaccine might result ineffective if these outbreaks are associated with unknown serotypes or strains.
The dose of this vaccine is two cc under the skin at the age of three months and repeats the treatment after two to four weeks. However, if the goat gets the vaccine before three months of age, then the goat should have a repeated vaccination dose at the age of four to six months.
Leptospirosis is a disease in animals which is caused by the organism ‘spirochete bacteria’. It is a contagious disease, and it spread from animal to the other. This disease is also zoonotic, i.e. it spread from animal to humans.
Vaccinating goats and sheep against leptospirosis is an option and decision should be made based on the need of the vaccine in a particular herd. All the animals, more than three months of age, should get the vaccination every year. Breeding animals should get the vaccine three weeks before the breeding seasons.
It is essential to provide proper management to the animals, as vaccination is not the only source of prevention of disease within a herd.
Sore mouth vaccine is available to use in goats and sheep. However, this vaccine shouldn’t be used in those animals that don’t have a sore mouth as the vaccine contains a live organism and can infect healthy animals.
Each lamb and kid should get the vaccine in case of an outbreak of the disease. The newly purchased should get a vaccine.
The pregnant animals should be vaccinated well before the process of birthing and booster dose should repeat every year.
Footrot vaccine is available for sheep and goats. This vaccine doesn’t help to stop the illness from entering into the herd. However, it aids in controlling or removing the disease if used with proper management.
There should be regular foot bath for the animals, keeping the bedding clean, and keeping the hoof of the goat dry to prevent the disease. The vaccine time is every 3-6 months or before the time of the hoof problems occurrence, i.e. before the onset of rainy seasons.
Toxoplasmosis and Chlamydia are the organisms that cause abortion in goat regularly. Therefore, it is better to vaccinate the animals and inject the booster per annum before the breeding season. However, it is necessary to find the reason for abortion before injecting this vaccine. Some antibiotics, such as chlortetracycline, can help to prevent abortion when added to the feed for some weeks before the process of birthing.
Vaccines are available for pneumonia and labelled for cattle, sheep, and goats. The dose of this vaccine is two cc under the skin at the age of three months and repeats the treatment after two to four weeks. However, if the goat gets the vaccine before three months of age, then the goat should have a repeated vaccination dose at the period of four to six months.
CAE caused by lentivirus, which is accountable for many other immunity repression diseases in many species and most of the goat’s breeds is susceptible.
Unfortunately, there is no vaccine available against this disease. It is challenging to develop an effective vaccine against this virus. Many vaccines tested against this disease, but none produced adequate results against the virus of CAE.
In this complete guide to goat udder problems, we describe udder diseases and conditions that are common to goats. If you’re a new farmer, you should be aware of these problems so you can be prepared!
We also cover the basics of udder anatomy and development.
Maintaining the good health of the goat’s udder is the key to have more production and a healthy herd of goats. In order to have healthy goats with healthy udder, following are the list of disorders need to eradicate from the farm.
One of major concern for the farmers having goats, especially dairy goats, as it effects the udder of the goats. Not only this mastitis causing issue in the udder of the goats, but also have economical effects for the farmers.
A bacterial disease that occurs due to single or combination of the bacterial infections causing the development of swelling on the udder, make the udder hot and lumpy, and blood in the milk.
2. STAPH INFECTION
The staph infection is usually by the development of pimples or white heads on the udder of the goats. These pimples will grow rapidly with a quick spread of the infection from one goat to the other. The main cause of the staph infection is wet and humid conditions provided to the goats.
3. AGGRESSIVE NURSING INJURIES
Kids of the goats can also lead to problem of the udder in goats. The goat may have soreness, chaffing, or splitting especially the goat is having more than two kids. The teeth of the kid may cause damage to the teats from too much nursing of the kids. Make sure the there is no injuries to the teats of the goats due to aggressive nursing.
The congested udder usually occurs when the udder of the goat filled quickly, or when the udder becomes over full leading to the congested udders. These congested udders are uncomfortable for the female goats.
Other causes of congested udder in goats include the occurrence of three or more fetus within the goats where the female goat tries to produce the milk sufficient for all the fetus, and consumption of grains in excessive quantity.
Development of congested udder can also occur in the female goat having only single kid. This occurs when the kid only suck the milk from one teat. It looks like mastitis but the udder will have normal temperature and no inflammation or hotness in the udder like mastitis.
To treat the congested udder, apply hot compresses on the udder, provide vitamin c, milk of magnesia and peppermint oil. It is challenging to milk the congested udder; however, the milk from the congested udder is good to consume.
Allow the kid to nurse from the congested side, as it may helps to lose the hardness or congestion of the udder. Make sure to keep the female goat hydrated as congestion of udder may cause the goat dehydrated. Treating the congested udder is time consuming but it is worth worthy.
Swollen udder can develop in the goats that are from milking line. The udder of these goats will start filling with milk, even without breeding. This filling of udder without breeding or in non-pregnant goats is known as precocious udder. The udder should have a proper evaluation for heat, texture, pain, etc. These things will help to identify the presence of mastitis.
The precocious udder doesn’t have a proper shape and are soft on palpation. A systemic therapy of antibiotics is handy to have effective results. However, the withdrawal period of the drugs should be considered before making the milk acceptable for drinking.
One side swelling of the goat’s udder occurred when one kid only nurse from one side. The kids will pick one side as their favorite and will ignore the other side of the udder. This one side nursing starts a vicious circle and the other side will remain filled with the milk.
If the goat is not milked out from the other side, it will increase the chances of infection in the udder or drying of the udder and leads to the mastitis.
Udder edema occurs in all lactating animals including goats. This occurs due to imbalance of the fluid’s force within the body of the goats. The force on the fluid will be greater to exit the fluid from the circulatory system as compared to the force that will try to keep the fluid within the system.
The udder of the goats will grow at the time of kidding or at parturition along with the growth of blood supply. This growth of the blood supply and the udder will lead to the collapse of weak veins and the ducts of lymph that cause the fluid out of the udder and back in the circulation.
Udder edema is a painful condition and leads to the discomfort for the doe. It will also cause difficulty in milking, lead to udder sores, and breakage of the ligaments present in udder along with the system that support udder. Udder edema mostly occurs in high producing goats.
No exercise is one of the most predisposing factor is the development of udder edema. The pregnant goats will find it difficult to walk during the last trimester and there will be less exercise for the pregnant goats leading to the udder edema. The best way is to separate the feeding and eating equipment of the pregnant goats from the rest of the herd so that they can have some exercise and the chances of edema reduces.
Sore udders also known as “Necrotic Dermatitis” are foul-smelling and moist lesions around the udders of the goats. All ruminants including goats have a ligament in the udder that divide it into right and left halves. When the udder filled with milk, the space between the two halves gets moisture and bacteria. The moisture and bacteria will develop infection in the udder lead to sores. These sores are common during the initial three months of kidding.
This sore udder happens due to the tight compression of the udders in legs that leads to the dermatitis, and necrosis of the udder. One of the main causes of udder sores is the development of udder edema in goats. The lesions on the udder are painful and the mother goat will not permit the kids to nurse them.
The necrotic or dead skin should be disinfected daily and must be dried every day. Application of astringents (drugs that used to contract the body tissue of skin cells) will help to dry the lesions. If remained untreated then these sores lead to mastitis in the goats.
Caseous Lymphadenitis is a bacterial disease that is an infectious and zoonotic (transfer from animals to humans) of goats and sheep. This bacterium leads to the growth of abscesses both in goats and sheep. These abscesses are very hard to treat and result in the reduction of the production and may cause death too.
This bacterium is present all over the world and it causes economic losses. This bacterium along with other signs and symptoms produce abscesses both internally and externally. Externally the occurrence of the abscesses occurs in the neck, shoulder, rear portion of the goats, and on udder and scrotum.
These abscesses are parallel to the lymph nodes. These are soft to firm when palpated and are round in shape containing thick white or yellow pus in them. Internally the formation of abscess takes place on liver, kidney, and lungs.
The development of the udder in goats is divided in two five phases. These development stages include the fetal phase, pre-pubertal phase, post-pubertal phase, pregnancy, and lactation phase. The development of the udder starts when the fetus is in early stages of life and proceeds in the lactation. The mammary glands will not function properly until the goat become pregnant.
The development of udder continues throughout the pregnancy with rapid increase in the growth during the last stages of pregnancy. The udder become capable of producing milk when the goat reaches near to the end of the pregnancy,
The goat gets pregnant for the first time will initiate developing the udder approximately one month before the parturition or delivery. This development of udder may vary in different breeds of goat; however, the teats and udders of the goat having first pregnancy are usually smaller as compared to the goats that have a couple of kids before.
The goat that has a couple of kids before may start filling of udder from one month to just few days before the parturition. The goat may start filling the udder a few hours before the kidding; however, this filling also varying according to the breeds of the goats.
In this complete guide to goat hoof rot, we answer the most common questions that farmers ask about this condition, including what it is, symptoms, treatments, and more.
Hoof rot, infectious pododermatitis, or foot rot is the disease of the hoof in goats and other ruminants. As the name is indicating, this disease rots away the hoof of the goat, especially the region between the toes of the goats that get affected by this disease. This disease is very painful, and it is an ailment that spread from one goat to the others.
This disease causes economic losses to the farmers as if the goat become unable to stand or walk, and it doesn’t remain productive to the farmers. The goats become unable to stand and thus making the condition worse for the goats and the farmers. The goat will start losing the weight and the result is the loss of money.
Hoof rot is a common disease that occurs in goats. This disease is caused by the combination of two bacteria, i.e. Dichelobacter nodosus (also known as Bacteroides nodosus) and Fusobacterium necrophorum. The bacteria F. necrophorum is the naturally resident in the large intestine of small ruminants including goats, and also present in the faeces and soil.
The wet and cold weather condition will cause the accumulation of mud and the manure these resulting from the irritation of the foot of the goats. F. necrophorum alone cannot create the hoof rot disease in goats, and it only irritates the hoof. The other bacterium D. nodosus survive for fourteen days in the soil and will aid F. necrophorum bacterium to cause this disease.
The irritation from the hard surface starts between the toes of the hoof. With consistent access to moisture and dirt, the chances increase for bacteria to enter into the cracks created due to the hard surface. Initially, there will be the development hoof scald that is the formation of sores in between the hoof.
This condition is very painful similarly to the hoof rot and there will be the development of bad smell from the hooves. If kept untreated, the bacteria will enter the inner tissues of the foot that leads to rot.
The wet ground will keep the hood moist, thus increasing the chances for the bacteria to develop the disease within the hoof of the goats. The hard ground will support the bacteria and aids in causing hoof rot in goats by irritating the soft tissues of the foot.
The most common signs are the development of lesions within the toes. These lesions can be on one or both hooves lead to difficulty walking or lameness. The goats will start grazing on the knees.
The foot of the goats will become pinkish to red. There will be slimy and foul smell. The bacteria will break the soft tissues of the hoof between the outer wall and the sole. The goat will limp and avoid moving or walking. There will be a decrease in weight and decrease in production.
The initial treatment of hoof rot is trimming of the hoof. Elimination of all the dead tissues from the foot, exposing the live tissue will aid in recovery. A solution containing zinc sulfate or iodine solutions is the most effective treatment against the hoof rot.
Administration of antibiotics like penicillin or other broad-spectrum antibiotics to avoid secondary infection is useful to treat the hoof rot. Apart from medicines, inject tetanus booster to eradicate the chances of tetanus disease to occur. Try to keep the hooves dry and clean to reduce the infection from the feet.
A foot bath in the copper sulfate is another effective treatment for hoof rot. Pour the maximum solution in the shallow enclosure for the goats to dip the affect hooves. Footrot remedy includes copper sulfate in a spray bottle will squirt the solution directly on the affected areas.
Use of lavender essential oil and garlic oil in a blend will help to treat the hoof rot. Other combinations from clove oil, tea tree oil, sage oil, or cinnamon oil are also useful in treating the foot rot.
It is challenging to prevent hoof rot to a certain extent as it is caused by the bacteria that survive within the soil. However, it is possible to minimise the chances of its occurrence. The reduction of disease chances is possible to limit the access of the goat to wet, moist pasture.
By providing a dry grassland to the goats, mainly during the seasons of rains will reduce the disease outbreak. The muddy bran or field will provide an environment to the bacteria to develop hoof rot.
It is one of the most common spreading diseases by introducing newly infected goats to the flock. To stop the illness from entering into the flock, quarantine the new goat to an isolated area for at least one month.
Trimming of the feet is necessary before the new goat introduces to the herd. There should be proper sanitary conditions especially during the wet season to minimise the chances of footrot development within the goats.
Avoid purchasing the goat having the issue of hoof rot. It is a contagious disease so a little effect of hoof rot in any goat will make it the illness of the flock. Trimming of the hoof is necessary to allow air to reach the foot so the air can blow the bacteria out of the hoof.
The regular trimming of the hoof should be 1-2 times per year. Trimming makes the sole flat by removing all the mud and the faeces trapped in it and decreasing the possibility of the hoof rot and hoof scald.
A bath of copper sulfate can help to prevent the occurrence of this disease. Keep the bedding clean, especially for the goats that get infected with this disease. The bedding should remain fresh at least till the foot of goat heal completely before reintroducing the affected goat to the herd.
Thus it is essential to keep the bedding, and the hooves of the goat clean and well maintained so that the disease outbreak doesn’t enter into herd and goats remain safe. With proper care, the hoof rot infection will stay out of the pack and goats can enjoy health and a comfortable life.